Ways to stop drunk-driving
Driving needs a vast array of skills which often change continually. A driver should be consistently alert and be able to react swiftly to hazards, have a clear vision and be able to judge speed and distance. However, when an individual is intoxicated, majority of these skills needed to drive safely are impaired, leading to an increased risk of accidents. This has resulted in many alcohol-related fatalities. However, it would be prevented by applying countermeasures with an aim of changing the behavior of individuals who might drive while drunk and also to uphold the behavior of individuals who do not drive while drunk.
One approach which has been, widely adopted is legislation. It involves setting up Driving-Under-Influence (DUI) laws. The DUI laws stipulates the maximum Blood-Alcohol-Content (BAC) value and allows local enforcement agencies to detect any impaired driver by conducting random breath analysis tests. The DUI laws also allows for sanctions when impaired drivers are identified, with sanctions serving as a punishment and a caution against drunk-driving. Although having strict DUI laws may seem effective, they do not guarantee a substantial effort against drunk-driving.
While efforts to prevent driving under the influence of alcohol may seem endless, educating the public may be a solution. According to Shults et al., ensuring that motorists are well-versed about the existing regulations and the consequences of drunk-driving and raising awareness amongst the motorist about the implications of drunk-driving are vital elements of any measure aimed at plummeting alcohol-related accidents(364). Educating the general public on the meaning and effects of intoxication would encourage individuals against drunk-driving. A person should know facts concerning the vice such as the blood alcohol limit. Facts on drunk-driving become the focal point of an individual weighing between taking a cab and driving after drinking.
Another aspect influencing the one’s decision to drive while drunk is friends. Individuals should have substantial common sense to not to allow an intoxicated friend to take the wheel. DUI sanctions may not stop one from driving drunk, but a word from a friend would stop him.
Lastly, one’s determination can also play a significant role in preventing drunk-driving. No matter the sanctions imposed, education, or advice given, individuals have self determination and act in a manner which pleases them; this power of will affects their decisions, especially when intoxicated. Therefore, a change in personal values such as attitude and determination comes handy in preventing instances of drunk-driving. In conclusion, nothing can guarantees total prevention of drunk-driving, certain measures such as sanctions, general public education, friends and change in personal values play an essential role. Although sanctions have been widely applied, they do not effectively provide a solution. General public education, friends, and self initiative also have a decisive role to play in preventing drunk-driving.