Incompatibility Between Economic And Ecological Sustainability
Before the industrial revolution, economic activities did not impact negatively on the environment. This was because the rate of exploitation of natural resources was very low. However, during and after the industrial revolution, machines that could produce items in mass came into use due to the discovery of internal combustion engines. Discovery of oil also proved very effective in shaping the next generation of machines that were more powerful and efficient in carrying out economic activities. As a result, production levels that once seemed unachievable were easily attained, which in turn ensured huge economic gains.
Recently, negative impacts on the ecology that have been brought about by industrialization have gotten the attention of environmentalists. Destruction of animal habitats and climate change are just but some of the major issues they are dealing with. As population increases, need for economic sustainability rises. This leads to degradation of the environment through unchecked clearing of forests for farming, road construction and mining. These activities leave the land bare and unusable afterwards. Many animals die and rare plants are destroyed, some to the point of extinction. The rich soils are good for agriculture while trees offer raw materials for furniture and paper making. Industries are established which offer employment to people followed by the development of towns. While all these activities ensure development, economic growth and food sustainability, pollution becomes a threat to life as all ecosystems are affected. Lack of effective rules that govern how resources are exploited worsens the situation.
On the other hand, ecological sustainability efforts lead to the halting of economic ventures that generate finances aimed at ensuring economic sustainability and growth. Environmentalists protests and obtain court orders that freeze constructions of key structures meant for the generation of money for a stable economy. This leads to financial losses for the owners of such projects. Employees become jobless which consequently leads to high unemployment rates thereby impacting on the growth of the economy negatively.
In conclusion, economic and ecological stability are undeniably incompatible. It becomes hard to prioritize any of them individually as they both play critical roles in ensuring the survival of mankind. With that knowledge in mind, there is need for formulation of laws that govern how resources are utilized as well as how far economic ventures can be carried out all over the world. In doing so, the environment will have been conserved while ensuring viable economic growth. .